Commentaries on 2 Timothy

On this page you will find Bible commentaries on the New Testament book of 2 Timothy. The commentaries listed first are those that have received the best reviews. You will also find options for commentaries on 2 Timothy that help pastors, teachers, and readers with application of the text, commentaries that approach the Scripture verse-by-verse, classic Christian commentaries, and much more. See more about the scholars, pastors, ministries, and schools whose commentary reviews are being utilized.

Top Reviewed Commentaries on 2 Timothy



Pastoral Epistles (Word Biblical Commentary) by William D. Mounce


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Reviews and Accolades:

Desiring God: #1 recommended commentary on 2 Timothy

D.A. Carson: “best buy” on 2 Timothy, “more conservative than Marshall,” reflects “on pastoral issues”

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a technical and conservative exposition of the pastorals”

Craig Blomberg, etal: a “priority”commentary on the Pastoral Epistles

Keith Mathison: #3 ranked commentary on 2 Timothy; “thoroughly discusses all of the important issues raised by Paul (whom he believes wrote these epistles), and when dealing with controversial parts of the letters, he fairly represents those with whom he disagrees. All in all, a very good commentary.”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “WBC series delivers the best in biblical scholarship, from the leading scholars who share a commitment to Scripture as divine revelation. It emphasizes a thorough analysis of textual, linguistic, structural, and theological evidence. The result is judicious and balanced insight into the meanings of the text in the framework of biblical theology.”



The Letters to Timothy and Titus (New International Commentary on the New Testament) by Philip H. Towner


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Reviews and Accolades:

D.A. Carson: “best buy” on 2 Timothy, “perhaps the best commentary on the Pastorals based on the English text”

Craig Blomberg, etal: a “priority”commentary on the Pastoral Epistles

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a useful exposition by a scholar who has devoted his career to the pastorals”

Keith Mathison: #2 ranked commentary on 2 Timothy; “accessible to most educated readers…Towner rejects the conclusions of critical scholars who deny Pauline authorship of the Pastoral Epistles.”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Written for scholars, pastors, and lay readers alike…undertaken to provide earnest students of the New Testament with an exposition that is thorough and abreast of modern scholarship and at the same time loyal to the Scriptures as the infallible Word of God.” See more about the New International Commentary on the New Testament series.



The Pastoral Epistles (New International Greek Testament Commentary) by George W. Knight


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Reviews and Accolades:

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a technical commentary of the pastorals from a defender of Pauline authorship”

D.A. Carson: “cautious, conservative, and thoughtful”

Keith Mathison: #1 ranked commentary on 2 Timothy; “the best contemporary commentary on these books…Knight takes a thoroughly conservative and orthodox approach”

Best for: students, pastors, teachers, professors, and scholars with training in Hebrew who can follow a technical commentary

Purpose: From the publisher: “At a time when the study of Greek is curtailed in many schools of theology, we hope that the NIGTC will demonstrate the continuing value of studying the Greek New Testament… the volumes of the NIGTC are for students who want something less technical than a full-scale critical commentary… the supreme aim of this series is to serve those who are engaged in the ministry of the Word of God and thus glorify God’s name.” See more about the New International Greek Testament Commentary series.



The Pastoral Epistles (International Critical Commentary: A Critical and Exegetical Commentary) by I. Howard Marshall


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Reviews and Accolades:

D.A. Carson: “best buy” on 2 Timothy, “the learned and careful exegesis will be a joy to pore over”

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a massive and technical commentary that is very learned, though he rejects Pauline authorship”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: The ICC series has “sought to bring together all the relevant aids to exegesis, linguistic and textual no less than archaeological, historical, literary and theological to help the reader understand the meaning of the books of the Old and New Testaments…no attempt has been made to secure a uniform theological or critical approach to the biblical text: contributors have been invited for their scholarly distinction, not for their adherence to any one school of thought.”



The Pastoral Epistles (Tyndale New Testament Commentary) by Donald Guthrie


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Reviews and Accolades:

D.A. Carson: “”has become something of a classic”

Keith Mathison: #4 ranked commentary on 2 Timothy; “an accessible, introductory level commentary on the Pastoral Epistles”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: This series is “designed to help readers understand what the Bible actually says and what it means…[each commentary] examines the text section by section, drawing out its main themes. It also comments on individual verses and deals with problems of interpretation. The aim throughout is to get at the true meaning of the Bible and to make its message plain to readers today.”



1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (Understanding the Bible Commentary Series) by Gordon Fee


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Reviews and Accolades:

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a brief commentary for the busy pastor”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Each volume in the Understanding the Bible Commentary Series breaks down the barriers between the ancient and modern worlds so that the power and meaning of the biblical texts become transparent to contemporary readers. They present a careful section-by-section exposition of the biblical books with key terms and phrases highlighted and all Hebrew transliterated. Notes at the close of each chapter provide additional textual and technical comments for those who want to dig deeper.”



1, 2 Timothy, Titus (New American Commentary) by Thomas D. Lea and Hayne P. Griffin Jr.


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Reviews and Accolades:

D.A. Carson: “competent”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “The New American Commentary is introduced to bridge the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. This new series has been designed primarily to enable pastors, teachers, and students to read the Bible with clarity and proclaim it with power.”



1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Revised Edition) by Andreas Kostenberger


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Reviews and Accolades:

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a clear exposition of the text”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Written primarily by expositors for expositors…its stance is that of a scholarly evangelicalism committed to the divine inspiration, complete trustworthiness, and full authority of the Bible…the chief principle followed in this commentary is the grammatico-historical – namely, that the primary aim of the exegete is to make clear the meaning of the text at the time and in the circumstances of its writing.”



The Pastoral Epistles (Black’s New Testament Commentary) by J.N.D. Kelly


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Reviews and Accolades:

Tom Schreiner: recommended; “a bit longer than Fee, with many insights”

Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Black’s New Testament Commentary has been hailed by both scholars and pastors for its insightful interpretations and reliable commentary.”



1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (Geneva Series of Commentaries) by John Calvin


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Reviews and Accolades:

Keith Mathison: #5 ranked commentary on 2 Timothy; “The work by Calvin on the Pastorals is particularly interesting because of the insight it gives us to the Reformation understanding of church leadership. A must-read.”

Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: “For hundreds of years Christendom has been blessed with Bible commentaries written by great men of God highly respected for their godly walk and their insight into spiritual truth. The Crossway Classic Commentaries present the very best work on individual Bible books, carefully adapted for maximum understanding and usefulness for today’s believers.”



The First and Second Letters to Timothy (The Anchor Yale Bible Commentaries) by Luke Timothy Johnson


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Reviews and Accolades:

Tom Schreiner: recommended: “a helpful commentary from this Roman Catholic scholar who accepts Pauline authorship”

Best for: students, pastors, teachers, professors, and scholars with training in Hebrew who can follow a technical commentary

Purpose: From the publisher: “The Anchor Yale Bible Series, previously the Anchor Bible Series, is a renowned publishing program that for more than 50 years has produced books devoted to the latest scholarship on the Bible and biblical topics.” The series “vigorously pursues the goal of bringing to a wide audience the most important new ideas, the latest research findings, and the clearest possible analysis of the Bible.”



1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (Africa Bible Commentary Series) by Samuel M. Ngewa


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Reviews and Accolades:

Craig Blomberg, etal: a “priority”commentary on the Pastoral Epistles

Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: Commentaries in this series are “divided into preaching units that contain detailed exposition of the passage as well as contemporary applications. The unit is not intended to be preached as a sermon, but provides material to be drawn on in sermon preparation. Each unit is followed by two or three questions that could be used for a small group or personal study. Academic issues relating to the Greek text and disputes about interpretation are dealt with in the extensive end notes. The book is thus suitable for use as a teaching resource for theological colleges and Bible schools while also being suited to readers who are looking for ways to preach and apply the Scriptures.”



More Commentaries with Application Help for Pastors



1–2 Timothy and Titus: To Guard the Deposit (Preaching the Word) by Bryan Chapell


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “For years, Crossway’s Preaching the Word commentary series has helped pastors, preachers, and anyone who teaches God’s Word to better interpret and apply the message of the Bible. Under the careful editorial oversight of experienced pastor and best-selling author R. Kent Hughes, this series is known for its commitment to biblical authority, its pastoral tone and focus, and its overall accessibility.”



2 Timothy (The Preacher’s Commentary) by Gary W. Demarest


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: “The New King James Bible has been chosen for the Preacher’s Commentary because it combines with integrity the beauty of language, underlying Hebrew and Greek textual basis, and thought-flow of the 1611 King James Version…Readers who are more comfortable with another translation can readily find the parallel passage by means of the chapter and verse reference at the end of each passage being exposited. The paragraphs of exposition combine fresh insights to the Scripture, application, rich illustrative material, and innovative ways of utilizing the vibrant truth for his or her own life and for the challenge of communicating it with vigor and vitality.”



1 and 2 Timothy, Titus (New International Version Application Commentary) by Walter L. Liefeld


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the General Editor: The primary goal of the NIV Application Commentary Series is to help you with the difficult but vital task of bringing an ancient message into a modern context. The series not only focuses on application as a finished product but also helps you think through the process of moving from the original meaning of a passage to its contemporary significance. These are commentaries, not popular expositions. They are works of reference, not devotional literature.” See more about the NIV Application Commentary series.



Exalting Jesus in 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (Christ-Centered Exposition) by David Platt, Daniel L. Akin, and Tony Merida


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: This series “takes a Christ-centered approach to expositing each book of the Bible. Rather than a verse-by-verse approach, the authors have crafted chapters that explain and apply key passages in their assigned Bible books. Readers will learn to see Christ in all aspects of Scripture, and they will be encouraged by the devotional nature of each exposition presented as sermons and divided into chapters that conclude with a “Reflect and Discuss” section, making this series ideal for small group study, personal devotion, and even sermon preparation. It’s not academic but rather presents an easy reading, practical and friendly commentary.”



The Pastoral Letters: 1 and 2 Timothy, and Titus (For Everyone) by N.T. Wright


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: “N.T. ‘Tom’ Wright has undertaken a tremendous task: to provide guides to all the books of the New Testament, and to include in them his own translation of the entire text. Each short passage is followed by a highly readable discussion, with background information, useful explanations and suggestions, and thoughts as to how the text can be relevant to our lives today. A glossary is included at the end of each volume.”



More Verse-by-Verse Commentaries



The Letters to Timothy and Titus (The Pillar New Testament Commentary Series) by Robert W. Yarbrough


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “From the publisher: “Designed for serious pastors and teachers of the Bible, the Pillar commentaries seek above all to make clear the text of Scripture as we have it…[the authors’] ideal is a blend of rigorous exegesis and exposition, with an eye alert both to biblical theology and the contemporary relevance of the Bible.” See more about the Pillar New Testament Commentary series.



The Letters to Timothy and Titus (New International Commentary on the New Testament) by Philip H. Towner


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Written for scholars, pastors, and lay readers alike…undertaken to provide earnest students of the New Testament with an exposition that is thorough and abreast of modern scholarship and at the same time loyal to the Scriptures as the infallible Word of God.”



1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (Belief: A Theological Commentary on the Bible) by Thomas G. Long


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Building on a wide range of sources from biblical studies, the history of theology, the church’s liturgical and musical traditions, contemporary culture, and the Christian tradition, noted scholars focus less on traditional historical and literary angles in favor of a theologically focused commentary that considers the contemporary relevance of the texts. This series is an invaluable resource for those who want to probe beyond the backgrounds and words of biblical texts to their deep theological and ethical meanings for the church today.”



1 and 2 Thessalonians, 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon (Holman New Testament Commentary) by Knute Larson


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: This series “is an invaluable tool for those who teach the Word of God in a group or church setting. This verse-by-verse commentary systematically explains biblical text based on trusted, conservative scholarship. The series is designed to enrich new and experienced Bible teachers as they minister to God’s people, inspiring those who learn the marvelous truths in the New Testament to have a passion for spreading the gospel.”



1-2 Timothy, Titus (Biblical Theology for Christian Proclamation) by Andreas J. Kostenberger


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “What distinguishes the present series is its orientation toward Christian proclamation. As a result, the ultimate purpose of this set of volumes is not exclusively, or even primarily, academic. Rather, we seek to relate biblical theology to our own lives and to the life of the church. Our desire is to equip those in Christian ministry who are called by God to preach and teach the precious truths of Scripture to their congregations.”



1 and 2 Timothy and Titus (Two Horizons New Testament Commentary) by Robert W. Wall


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Seeking to bridge the existing gap between biblical studies and systematic theology, this distinctive series offers section-by-section exegesis of the New Testament texts in close conversation with theological concerns. Written by respected scholars, the THNTC volumes aim to help pastors, teachers, and students engage in deliberately theological interpretation of Scripture.”



1 and 2 Timothy – Titus (SHBC) by W. Hulitt Gloer


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Best for: expository preachers, Bible college and seminary students, church elders and teachers, experienced Bible readers

Purpose: From the publisher: “Written by accomplished scholars with all students of Scripture in mind, this innovative new commentary series is designed to make quality Bible study more accessible. Pastors, professors and students of Scripture are discovering that this commentary is a wonderful new tool for enhancing interpretation. All volumes include these features to support interpretation: insightful sidebars in four categories, a wealth of fine art visuals, and a CD-ROM containing all the text and images of the volume in a searchable format.”



Classic Christian Commentaries for Bible Study



2 Timothy (MacArthur New Testament Commentary) by John MacArthur


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: “If you’re familiar with John MacArthur’s in-depth Bible teaching, you have an idea of what you’ll find in The MacArthur New Testament Commentary. The commentary takes you deep into each passage, verse by verse—sometimes word by word. It’s like having a Bible teacher sitting next to you as you study Scripture.”



First and Second Timothy, Titus, Philemon (Thru the Bible Commentary Series) by J. Vernon McGee


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: From the publisher: “Radio messages from J. Vernon McGee delighted and enthralled listeners for years with simple, straightforward language and clear understanding of the Scripture. Now enjoy his personable, yet scholarly, style in a 60-volume set of commentaries that takes you from Genesis to Revelation with new understanding and insight.”



1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, and Philemon (Ironside Expository Commentaries) by H.A. Ironside


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Best for: individual study, devotional reading, Bible studies, adult Sunday school classes

Purpose: H.A. Ironside (1876-1951) was an internationally acclaimed Bible teacher and preacher, as well as the author of more than sixty books. His writings include addresses or commentaries on the entire New Testament, all of the Old Testament prophetic books, and a great many volumes on other biblical topics. For eighteen of his fifty years of ministry, Dr. Ironside was pastor of the historic Moody Memorial Church in Chicago, Ill.


Also see:

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